Chakrasamvara

Chakrasamvara by Lok Chitrakar
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Art detail

Code: #LC18
By Lok Chitrakar
Price: on enquiry
Size: 25.00 x 27.00 in
Material: Canvas
Medium: Stone color
Shipping Mode: rolled
In Stock: Not Available
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About Charasamvara

Chakrasamvara is the deity of the Anuttara yoga tantra. He is one of the most popular aspects of yidam deity among Newar Buddhist. Almost of the Shakyas and the Vajracharyas of Kathmandu valley regards Chakrasamvara as their tutelary deity or agam deity. Newar Buddhist priests have this ancient tradition of practice Chakrasavaramula Tantra. This special Tantra is regarded as a highly developed method of contemplation to realize Prabhasvara (Clear light) and Sunyata (absolute emptiness) aspect of the mind. Several forms of Samvara are known to the Sadhanamala (a twelfth century canon of iconography).

The name Samvara, or Shambara, itself means to the Supreme Bliss, the Bliss that is the fruit of tantric meditation. Similarly, Chakrasamvara literally means a "joined to the wheel ", may be interpreted as "joined to the wheel of wisdom and bliss". Equal to the Buddha, Samavara is beyond the extremes of Samvara and Nirvana. To signal this, his right foot presses down on the goddess called Kalaratri (Night of Time), who represents - Nirvana. His left foot rests on Bhairava, (the terrifier), who represents samvara, himself.

  Being a deity of the Yidam class, Samvaras are regarded as personal deities of Buddhist mediation. A yidam is at the embodiment of a philosophical view and a role model, for the mediators, of the Buddha he aspires to become. A yidam is a "pure appearance", a vision of purity.

In Tibet, Chakrasamvara is a deity particularly associated with the Kargu order, although he is important to the Geluk-pa and Sakyapa-pantheon of Lamaistic Buddhism as well. Tibetans regards that rather than having an ordinary physical form, such a deity is a congeric of pure symbolic elements. The bell that samvara holds in his left hand, for example, symbolizes wisdom, (prajna) and the vajra spectra that he wields, in his right represents skillful method (Upaya). In the poetical language of tantra, the god's bell is wisdom itself. Thus, the deity's attributes are of paramount importance, they are clues to his identity and to his function in meditation and ritual.

His body is blue, indicating that he does not diverge from the (celestial) Dharma-Sphere. Each face has three eyes, indication that he sees the (whole) threefold world and that he knows the substance of the three times (past, present and future). Chakrasamvara has twelve arms indication that he comprehends the evolution and reversal of the twelve fold causal nexus and eliminates these twelve stages of transmigration. (Bhavachakra).

Chakrasamvara as painted by Lok Chitrakar is one of the popular secret forms adorned by the Newar Buddhist Society. His cosmic union form is described below.

Chakrasamvara in this form is deep blue in color. He has four faces looking four cardinal directions. The front face is blue black, right one is white, back face is painted yellow and his left face is red in complexion. His front hands embrace-his red consort vajravarahi with vajra and bell -emblem of wisdom and skillful method. Chakrasamvara is in ecstatic union (yab-yum) position with his consort. His next four right hands hold a damaru, a kartri, a trident and an axe. His next four hand left hands holds a khatvanga  staff, a severed head of Brahma-Kapala and a lasso, With his back two hands he is lifting freshly played skin of elephant. Chakrasamvara wears a crown of skulls and a garland of fifty freshly severed heads and skulls he also wears a tiger skin-loin cloth. His front face with three eyes gazes-at his consort. Under his feet are his own emanations viz: red, four armed Kalaratri and blue four armed Bhairav.

Both the deities samvara and vajravarahi placed on union position symbolizing the wisdom and compassion are indivisible in the enlighten state. The twelve arms of samvara indicate twelve links of dependent origination or pratityasamutpada philosophy. His garland of fresh severed heads symbolizes his victory over ego grasping and self cherishing attitudes.

 

 
Note: Please note that the actual colors of the Painting may vary due to differences in monitor color depth and make. The color shown is as close as possible to the actual colors of the Painting.

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Lok Chitrakar
Date of Birth : 1961-03-25

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