Mahakala

Mahakala by Lok Chitrakar
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Art detail

Code: #LC19
By Lok Chitrakar
Price: on enquiry
Size: 25.00 x 27.00 in
Material: Canvas
Medium: Stone color
Shipping Mode: rolled
In Stock: Not Available
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About Mahakala

Mahakala refers to the "great time". A destructive aspect of Siva as Lord of Eternity which swallows all the stages and cycles of time, dissolving everything and every being into the motionless ocean of eternity, the substratum from which the manifested world comes into existence and to which, at the end of each age, it returns Mahakala is the male counterpart of the goddess Mahakali who symbolizes the irresistible force of time. The color of both is black. Sometimes Kala (Time personified) and Mrityu (Death personified) accompany him.

Mahakala is portrayed with four hands carrying the usual emblems of Siva. His face is fierce with protruding eyes. His mount is a corpse of sometimes lion: his emblems, a tiger skin, staff, club, skull-cup, Khatvanga (skull-topped staff), necklaces of skulls (representing the myriads of creatures who have died), and an axe. He is sometime five-headed and each face has three eyes. He is depicted on the mudra (posture) of alingahasta.

Mahakala is included in several earlier Newari paintings in which he is sometimes shown as standing and in others as squatting. The earliest known Nepali representation of the standing Mahakala occurs in the 1367 A.D. Prajnaparamita manuscript. In which, Mahakala is surrounded by four figures - one of whom is Sridevi or Chwaskamuni Lha-mo-was popular with Nor monastery artisan of Nepal at Tibet. Pratapaditya Pal suggested that-a-type of Mahakala painting seems fashionable to attribute a Nor provenience to all Tibetan mandalas which are executed with particular finesse and which display a densely packed background filled with the intricate floral and geometrical scroll motifs that were also popular with traditional Nepali artist.

Mahakala is regarded as a major figure in the Tibetan pantheon as one of the dharmapala or guardian deity and usually represented by a variety of images. Lok Chitrakar depicts this painting of Mahakala with companions-in a manner of a true replica of the original painting of the Sakyapa monastery (central Tibet at 1450 A.D.). This form of Mahakala is especially popular in Tibet and known as Gur gyi mGonpo. Mahakala is accompanied by two male deities on his right and two goddess on his left. The deity with the four arms on the top left side of central image is  Bhutadamara Vajrapani, while the two-armed deities on the bottom is Legden Nagpo or vajrapani, an emanation of Mahakala; both gods are militant-The two-armed female figure wearing a blouse and seated in position is of Ekajati and the other on the horseback is Lhamo or Sridevi, Sridevi is better known to the Newar's of Kathmandu valley as the " Chwasakamuni" and plays major role in socio-cultural pattern of valley culture. Except the Chwasakamuni, image, who is light blue in color, all the figures of this painting are black and portrayed against a striking fiery red background. Mahakala is surrounded by a circle of scavenging animals, birds of prey, snakes, stupas Astadikpala (eight guardians) and prancing demons symbolizing the cremation ground. On the bottom of this painting composition, nine dwarft shaped blue colored goblin type figures are serially depicted in different poses and postures. These nine figures are considered as different manifestations of the Mahakala itself. Right on the middle of these nine Mahakalas. The staff handed Dandimahakala which appeared to be distinct in his posture of Alingahasta. Likewise, on the top most part of this painting is decorated by different iconographic depiction of Tantrik Buddhist images. Those nine figures are identified as, beginning from the left corner is - Nagarajun, Sadakshari lokesvara (Awalokitesvara), Manjushree, Ushnishvijaya, Vajradhara (Adibuddha), Vajrasattva, Kuber, Prajnaparamita and future Buddha Maitreya. In this panel composition Vajradhara (Adibuddha), Sadakshari likesvara (Awalokitesvara) and the Prajnaparamita reflects the norms of and essence of Tantric Buddhism. It is a triad of Buddhism known as - an emblem of wisdom, compassion and the power. The first image Nagarjun is said to have credited as the formulator of the Mahakala concept in Mahayan Buddhism. Some times Mahakala is considered as a manifestation form of the Nagarjun himself.

 

 
Note: Please note that the actual colors of the Painting may vary due to differences in monitor color depth and make. The color shown is as close as possible to the actual colors of the Painting.

Comments List
Ur hand hav an awsume talent...nic picture of Mahakala,,
By: Saurav Tamang, Kolkata,India (2015-02-04)

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Lok Chitrakar
Date of Birth : 1961-03-25

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